Trip and Wellness

12 Top Tourist Attractions & Things to Do in the Azerbaijan

Flame Towers in Baku

Azerbaijan is a captivating destination nestled in the heart of the Caucasus region. This country beautifully blends the enchanting charm of Eastern Europe with the vibrant allure of Western Asia, offering a unique fusion of cultures and experiences. Get ready to immerse yourself in the harmonious blend of East and West, as you embark on a remarkable journey filled with countless delights to discover.

Nestled along the picturesque shores of the Caspian Sea, you will discover charming subtropical beach destinations. Alternatively, immerse yourself in the enchanting allure of Azerbaijan, famously known as the Land of Fire, by embarking on an adventure to witness the mesmerizing flames of a mountain or explore the intriguing landscapes of a mud volcano.

Azerbaijan is a fascinating travel destination located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. You’ll discover hillside towns with hidden ancient mosques and minarets, along with remarkable modern architecture like the Flame Towers in Baku. Whether you have a specific agenda or not, Azerbaijan has plenty to offer visitors.

1. Baku

Downtown Baku Azerbaijan
Source: istockphoto

Baku, the captivating destination in Azerbaijan, is nestled by the stunning Caspian Sea. It offers a unique blend of ancient charm found within the historic walls of Icheri Seher, alongside a vibrant modern landscape adorned with towering skyscrapers adorned dazzling LCD screens.

When traveling, be sure not to miss the Flame Towers, a set of three towers designed to resemble blazing fire, illuminating the city with a captivating bronze hue after sunset. The city also invites travelers to explore its modern side at the Museum of Contemporary Art, which showcases over 900 artworks by up-and-coming artists from the region. It is a must-visit destination for those seeking to immerse themselves in the vibrant world of modern culture.

While exploring the city, make sure to visit Teze Bazaar, a renowned market known for its delectable cheeses and aromatic spices. Indulge in the local cuisine by savoring a mouthwatering kebab, a beloved delicacy, at one of the many charming open-air restaurants scattered throughout the city.

Accommodation: Where to Stay in Baku: Best Areas & Hotels

2. Absheron National Park

Absheron National Park created to preserve gazelles
Source: istockphoto

Located in the picturesque Azizbeyov region of Baku, Absheron National Park covers an expansive area of 783 hectares, offering travelers a remarkable opportunity to immerse themselves in the breathtaking natural beauty and diverse wildlife of Azerbaijan. When you visit the national park, you’ll have the opportunity to encounter a diverse range of local wildlife, including graceful gazelles, vibrant birds, elusive jackals, curious badgers, and even fascinating Caspian seals.

As you embark on your journey, you will find yourself immersed in a captivating landscape of vast, arid steppes. These enchanting terrains are adorned with picturesque rolling sand dunes, creating a romantic ambiance. The gentle breeze causes the reed-like grass to gracefully sway, adding a touch of elegance to the scenery. The destination boasts pristine waters that are renowned for their remarkable clarity and abundant marine life, which occasionally includes sightings of sea snakes.

For an opportunity to witness the renowned Caspian seals, it is recommended to plan your visit starting in September.

3. Gobustan

Qobustan national park in Azerbaijan
Source: istockphoto

Gobustan is a remarkable travel destination in Azerbaijan, often compared to the famous Stonehenge in the United Kingdom. It showcases a fascinating prehistoric cromlech, which is a circle of vertically positioned stones.

Furthermore, Gobustan presents an incredible travel opportunity as it is an archaeological reserve located south of Baku. This captivating site provides a unique glimpse into ancient civilizations through its vast collection of over 6,000 rock drawings, spread across an expansive area of 537 hectares.

In Gobustan, travelers can explore the fascinating remnants of ancient civilizations. The area boasts a rich history, with traces of human habitation dating back to the Stone Age. Besides the captivating cave and rock drawings, visitors can also discover signs of ancient settlements and even encounter ancient tombstones.

4. Yanar Bulag

Yanar Bulag
Source: shutterstock

If you’re looking to explore captivating sights, make sure not to overlook a journey to Yanar Bulag. This intriguing natural wonder awaits you on the scenic route connecting the towns of Astara and Lankaran.

As you embark on your travel adventure, you may come across a fascinating phenomenon where water from a pipe is pumped out and has the potential to ignite. This captivating occurrence is made possible by the presence of natural methane, creating the intriguing spectacle of flaming water.

When traveling to Azerbaijan, it is fascinating to discover that locals strongly believe in the healing properties of the water found in this region. Many people collect and drink this water, as they believe it can help cure various ailments.

5. Shirvan National Park

Shirvan National Park
Source: shutterstock
Shirvan National Park, which was formally proclaimed as a protected area in 2003, previously existed under the Caspian Sea’s waves and currently covers approximately 54,000 hectares to the south of Baku. This protected area is primarily characterized by a semi-desert terrain with large sand dunes that serve as a natural sanctuary for the area’s gazelles. Nature aficionados may also have the opportunity to see a variety of creatures such as turtles, hedgehogs, jungle cats, and jackals.
For birdwatchers, the park provides views of swans and even flamingos, which congregate around the fittingly named Flamingo Lake. Mud volcanoes are another typical feature of the park, with Bandovan Mountain being the most well-known, and a must-see for this remarkable natural phenomena.
Accommodation choices include beautiful cabins for those wishing to immerse themselves in the park’s natural beauty. Alternatively, more daring visitors might get a permission to sleep on the park’s northern shore.

6. Sheki

Sheki, Azerbaijan
Source: shutterstock

Located to the west of Baku, this remarkable destination is renowned as one of the oldest human settlements in the entire Caucasus region, boasting a history that spans an impressive 2500 years. When traveling along the Silk Road, one cannot miss the charming Sheki City. 

This historical destination is renowned for its exquisite silks and other textiles, making it a must-visit for any traveler seeking to immerse themselves in the rich cultural heritage of the region. Travelers to Sheki City today will have the opportunity to explore the vibrant tradition that still thrives here. Immerse yourself in the local culture and discover a wide array of exquisite embroidery and other traditional handicrafts that are available for visitors to admire and purchase.

While exploring this city, travelers can immerse themselves in its rich cultural heritage. From magnificent castles and mosques to ancient bathhouses, there is no shortage of historical wonders to discover. One notable landmark is the Palace of Seki Khans, a majestic structure that has proudly stood since the 18th Century. When exploring this magnificent architectural marvel, one cannot help but be amazed by the fact that the palace was constructed entirely without the need for nails.

When you embark on your travel adventure, be sure to explore the mesmerizing wall paintings and intricately carved windows that await you.

Accommodation: Where to Stay in Sheki: Best Areas & Hotels

7. Yanardag

Yanar Dag, burning mountain
Source: istockphoto

Visit Yanardag and witness the mesmerizing phenomenon of burning flame outlets. Yarnadag, known as the “burning mountain,” offers a mesmerizing sight as the hills are seemingly engulfed in eternal flames. This captivating phenomenon is caused by the presence of gas deposits beneath the sandstone surface.

Travelers from all around the world are drawn to this breathtaking destination, especially during the enchanting twilight hours when the vibrant flames illuminate the surroundings with a mesmerizing glow. Additionally, the vicinity is adorned with charming teashops, providing a cozy setting to relish the captivating spectacle while indulging in a delightful local beverage.

When exploring Azerbaijan, you’ll come across Yanardag, a unique destination that sets itself apart from the mud volcanoes found in the country. Unlike the volcanic hills that erupt with lava or mud deposits, Yanardag offers a distinct experience. Additionally, this region holds great religious significance, adding another layer of cultural exploration to your journey. Travel to the Zoroastrian heartland and discover the fascinating origins of fire worship, believed to have been inspired by the fires that once blazed in this ancient region.

8. The Caspian Sea

Caspian Sea
Source: istockphoto

When it comes to travel, the Caspian Sea is a remarkable destination worth exploring. Despite its name, this stunning body of water is, in fact, the largest lake in the world, spanning an impressive 371,000 square kilometers.

The Caspian Sea is a picturesque destination that resembles an ocean with its vast expanse. The water in this enchanting location is pleasantly salty, albeit with a lower saline content compared to other seas and oceans. This makes it an ideal spot for a refreshing swim, as it is less likely to cause any discomfort or irritation.

Travelers visiting the Caspian Sea can enjoy a variety of exciting activities such as embarking on scenic boat cruises, exploring the underwater world through diving adventures, and indulging in the thrill of fishing.

9. Ateshgah

Ateshgah Fire Temple Baku Azerbaijan
Source: istockphoto

Azerbaijan is a captivating destination often referred to as the Land of Fire, owing to the mesmerizing natural phenomenon of burning oil and gases beneath the earth’s surface. This awe-inspiring spectacle is believed to have served as a source of inspiration for the fire-worshippers, who went on to establish the Zoroastrian faith. During ancient times, the mesmerizing gas outlets were believed to hold traces of a higher power. Consequently, magnificent temples were constructed atop these sacred locations.

One of the must-visit destinations for travelers is Ateshgah, a captivating temple situated in the suburb of Surakhany, just a stone’s throw away from the vibrant city of Baku.  Located in the heart of a captivating travel destination, Ateshgah is a remarkable site that transports visitors back to the 17th century. This enchanting temple complex, designed in the shape of a mesmerizing hexagon, stands as a testament to the architectural brilliance of the past.

In the heart of this travel destination lies a magnificent fire altar. However, the temple’s original source of natural gases, which once fueled its construction, has now been depleted. Instead, the mesmerizing flames are now generated through a gas pipeline all the way from Baku, adding to the allure of this remarkable place.

10. Garasu Volcano

Garasu Volcano
Source: shutterstock

When traveling to Azerbaijan, it’s fascinating to discover that the country boasts the world’s highest number of mud volcanoes, with a total of 350.

One of the most renowned travel destinations is Garasu Volcano, famous for its spectacular eruptions that can propel mud up to an astounding height of 1,000 meters into the sky. Traveling to volcanic regions offers a unique opportunity to witness the awe-inspiring natural phenomena that occur when gases beneath the Earth’s surface accumulate and propel mud high into the air as a means of release.

Azerbaijan is home to the fascinating phenomenon of mud volcanoes, which are believed to have emerged around 25 million years ago. Many travelers who venture to Garasu are captivated by its otherworldly resemblance to the lunar landscape.

11. Lake Goygol

The alpine lake MaralGol is located in the GoyGol National Park
Source: istockphoto

Situated in the vicinity of Ganja, Lake Goygol is undeniably a must-see destination for travelers exploring Azerbaijan’s natural wonders.

Welcome to the stunning lake region nestled within a breathtaking natural park, encompassed by majestic mountains and lush forests.

For travel enthusiasts, this is an amazing escape from the bustling city, as it offers a tranquil atmosphere and a plethora of outdoor adventures such as hiking.

12. Icheri Sheher

Ichari Shahar old town Baku
Source: istockphoto

Icheri Sheher, also referred to as the “Old City” and “Fortress,” is a captivating UNESCO World Heritage Site located in the heart of Baku. This well-preserved district is brimming with remarkable architectural wonders that will leave you in awe.

When you travel to Baku, make sure to visit the magnificent Maiden Tower, a historical gem that originated in the 12th century. It is a significant part of the ancient walled city and offers a glimpse into the city’s rich past. Another must-see attraction is the remarkable Shirvanshah Palace, which was built during the 13th century. Its architectural beauty and historical importance make it a captivating destination for travelers. Visit this destination not only for its stunning architecture, but also for its exquisite handicrafts, including ceramics, textiles like carpets, and traditional Azerbaijani national attire.

Icheri Sheher offers a plethora of shops, making it an ideal destination for a leisurely exploration of the city’s historic center and an opportunity to acquire unique souvenirs.

Read More: 12 Top Tourist Attractions & Things to Do in the Moldova


Q: Is Azerbaijan a safe travel destination?

A: Azerbaijan is generally considered a safe country for tourists, with low crime rates and a welcoming atmosphere.

Q: What is the best time to visit Azerbaijan?

A: The best time to visit Azerbaijan is during the spring (April to June) and autumn (September to October) when the weather is pleasant.

Q: Do I need a visa to visit Azerbaijan?

A: Most travelers require a visa to enter Azerbaijan, but the process is relatively straightforward.

Q: What currency is used in Azerbaijan?

A: The currency used in Azerbaijan is the Azerbaijani Manat (AZN).

Q: Can I explore Azerbaijan’s natural beauty without venturing far from Baku?

A: Yes, there are several beautiful natural attractions within a few hours’ drive from Baku, making it easy to enjoy both city and nature experiences.